Edith Wakefield (1889-1972) and Albert Dore (1894-1954)
|Aquitania - Annette Fulford collection|
Edith Rebecca Wakefield was born in 1889 at Folkestone, Kent, the daughter of William Matthew Wakefield and his wife Emma Elizabeth Cullen. Edith worked as a domestic servant before the war. She met British-born Canadian Expeditionary Force soldier Albert Dore and they were married in June 1916 at Folkestone, only eight months after he arrived in England.
Albert William Dore was born in 1894 at Milton, Oxford, England to Wyckliffe Albert Dore and Fanny Puffet. Albert came to Canada in April 1913 onboard the Ascania, which travelled from Southampton, England to Portland, Maine. He was headed to Toronto but ended up in Paris, Ontario working in the knitting mills.
Albert enlisted with the 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles (Regimental # 109312) on 23 November 1914 at Toronto, went overseas in July 1915 and trained at Dibgate and Caesar’s Camp in Kent. They left for France from Folkestone in October 1915.
He suffered from shell shock after the Battle of the Somme in September 1916 and was in the hospital for three weeks. He complained of nervousness, headaches, shortness of breath on exertion, and excessive perspiration at night. He was also easily startled and had a slight tremor.
He was awarded the Military medal in October 1916 for bravery in the field “for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.” The website Great War Centenary Association, Brant County, Ontario gives a full citation for receiving the medal “in carrying despatches on frequent occasions under rifle and shell fire. He carried despatches in daylight through places which were considered too dangerous to allow other ranks to use.”
"In June 1917, a shell exploded close by and he was thrown into a shell hole." He returned to England from France and spent the rest of the war in and out of hospitals suffering from dyspnoea, palpations, vertigo, fatigue and sweating on exertion.
Albert was diagnosed with Neurasthenia and was no longer fit for service. He was invalided to Canada on the hospital ship Araguaya in February 1918, landing at Halifax, Nova Scotia. The Halifax harbour was severely damaged in the explosion of a supply ship and a munitions ship in December 1917.
Edith Dore came to North America on the ship Aquitania in October 1918 with their daughter Minnie Edith, who was born earlier in the year. They were headed to Paris, Ontario. The ship travelled from Southampton, England to New York between October 21 - 28th, 1918.
Edith and Albert had 2 sons and 4 daughters while living in Paris.
In June 1940, their eldest son Thomas enlisted in the Canadian army at Galt, Ontario and he went overseas to England with the Highland Light Infantry of Canada. Thomas died of wounds in June 1944 and is buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery in Woking, Surrey, England.
Edith Dore was the president of the Silver Cross Mothers in Paris, Ontario in 1958.
Bennett, S. G. The 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles, 1914-1919, Internet Archive https://archive.org/details/mountedrifles00bennuoft/page/4/mode/1up (accessed October 4, 2020)
Albert William Dore MM, Great War Centenary Association website, Brant County, Ontario http://www.doingourbit.ca/profile/albert-dore-mm?page=4 (accessed October 4, 2020)
Albert William Dore, 4th CMR website http://www.4cmr.com/dore.htm (accessed August 4, 2020)
Albert William Dore, Personnel Records of the First World War, Regimental No 109312, RG 150, Accession 1992-93/166, Box 2604 – 2, Library and Archives Canada. https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-world-war/personnel-records/Pages/item.aspx?IdNumber=360825 (accessed August 1, 2020)
Thomas William Dore, Service No A/37579, Canadian Virtual War Memorial (CVWM) https://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/memorials/canadian-virtual-war-memorial/detail/2762464?Thomas%20William%20Dore (accessed August 1, 2020)
Chilliwack Progress, August 27, 1958, 20 https://theprogress.newspapers.com/ (accessed August 4, 2020)
London Gazette, 29805, page 10488, 27 October 1916 https://www.thegazette.co.uk/awards-and-accreditation (accessed August 4, 2020)
(c) Annette Fulford, March 2021